1. Take a good look at resident rooms:
2. Doorways should be wide (if building a facility be sure this is done) so walkers and wheelchairs can easily move through them.
3. Non-slip surfaces on bathroom floor, tubs/showers are a must.
4. Handrails in hallways and bathrooms are a must.
5. All areas should be well lit as shadows can confuse a person with visual impairments. Have night-lights in the bathroom, bedroom and hallways.
6. Resident footwear is very important. Shoes should be fitted properly, have non slip soles and support the foot. May need evaluated by an expert for the correct shoe.
7. Keep floors dry and wipe up spills immediately.
8. Residents should have one physician monitoring all medications.
9. Regular exercise focusing on muscle strengthening, balance, and flexibility are excellent for all elderly. Encourage activity department to have exercise program daily.
10. If you have physical therapy in your facility, have them evaluate every resident on admission for the likelihood of falls and have them evaluate a resident after every fall. Have PT evaluate for proper equipment and teach proper use of equipment to the resident and the staff.
11. Have a resident’s eyes checked at least yearly.