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8 Elements in an Evacuation Plan

By brian barrick
January 23, 2013

There are eight main elements that should be highlighted in creating an emergency evacuation plan for residents and staff of an adult family home.

The plan is going to need to highlight the most important elements like the exit points and fire extinguisher locations and these items need to be shown on the map as well.


  1. Walls and doors of the adult family home.
  2. Each posted map should have a label that says “You are Here”.  This is where the person is when they are looking at the map.
  3. There should be a compass illustrated as well.  The resident or staff member is going to need the direction to evacuate the facility.
  4. The fourth element is the exit points.  You are going to need to highlight the exit doors.  Therefore, they are going to need to be clear and accessible at all times.
  5. The Marshal area.  This is going to be the place where everyone is suppose to meet when they have evacuated the building.  This should be a safe distance away from the building so that no one gets hurt.
  6. Fire extinguishers.  The map is going to need to have all of the fire extinguishers that are inside of the facility marked on it.
  7. First aid kits and stations.  This is going to need to be marked with a blue cross.

Stairways, eyewash stations, and any other safety stations.

The most important step is to keep it simple.  When actual evaculations need to occur, often times no one is going to be thinking calm manner. The easier a map or plan is to follow, the less chances there are for mistakes to be made.  The whole purpose of this emergency evacuation plan is to save the lives of the people who are living in the adult family home.

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