Bedsores are also known as pressure ulcers and decubitus ulcers and can be defined as an injury to the skin resulting from constant pressure from staying in one position. This is a result of reduced blood flow to the area eventually resulting in the cells dying, skin breakdown and an open wound. Often resulting around a bony area such as the tailbone, hip or heal.
Those residents most at risk of bedsores are those that are immobile. Other factors that are often associated with bedsore development include the following:
To prevent or reduce the chances of bedsores on residents, the following prevention techniques should be used:
If policies and procedures have not been implemented in your facility, it is highly recommended that steps be taken to implement Bedsores Reduction Policies and Procedures. Careful documentation is essential as in any procedure occurring to a resident and should be included in the Policy and Procedure. For more information visit www.pcalic.com and login to the member-insured section of the website. Under risk management, you will find great resources on implementing skin breakdown policies and prevention procedures in your adult care facility.